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The Ken Young Company, Inc.

147 Halls Ct.
Cairo, Georgia 39828

1-800-251-1800

Frequently Asked Questions


Embroidery

General Design Sizes Per Location

Shirts

  • Left Chest - 4" wide. If the design is square, we recommend 3" wide.
  • Sleeve - 3" wide.
  • Full Back - 10" wide.

Caps

  • Low Profile Caps - 2" high by 4" wide, maximum.
  • Side - Designs for the side of caps work best if they are small and do not have a straightedge bottom.

Many goods (bags, stockings, jackets, etc.) are limited in size by hooping considerations. It is beneficial to have a sample of these items before production so we can verify the size of the sewout.

Submitting Art for Digitizing

Unlike screenprinting, embroidery only uses the art as a template for creating the digitized 'tapes'. For this reason, clean JPEGs will work just fine. Keep in mind, though, the clearer the image, the better. If you can't see the details in your design, then we can't either.

Art for digitizing, or digitized files can be emailed to the embroidery department.

Digitized Files From Outside Sources

KYC is not responsible for poor quality embroidery caused by digitizing from another source. We strongly recommend ordering a pre-production sample for approval when using a file from an outside source. Designs do not sew the same on all materials.

Screenprinting

Imprint Sizes

At present, the maximum imprint area is limited by the size of film that can be output from our computers, which is 12 1/2" wide. So the maximum imprint area for screenprinting would be 18" tall by 12 1/2" wide OR 12 1/2" tall by 15" wide.

  • Average full front or full back imprint sizes for ADULT tees are 12 1/2" wide or 12 1/2" tall (Note; 12 1/2" x 12 1/2" square is HUGE for a shirt imprint).
  • Average full front or full back imprint sizes for YOUTH tees are 9 1/2" wide or 10 1/2" tall.
  • The average left chest imprint size is 4" wide or 4" tall.
  • For imprints on shirt pockets, the maximum imprint size is 3" wide by 3 1/2" tall.
  • Sleeve imprints can only go 3" wide maximum. Long-sleeve tees can go to 15" tall maximum. Short-sleeve tees are usually 3 1/2" tall.
  • Leg imprints are usually 4" by 4"
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Submitting Art For Screenprinting

We can accept a wide variety of art sources, from state-of the art computer graphic files to something your drunk cousin Fred scrawled on a napkin and faxed to you when your toner was low and you had a paper jam. Computer files are preferred, but we can usually work with whatever you have.

We are currently using Adobe Illustrator CS and Photoshop CS. We can use files from many different graphic programs including CorelDraw 9, Freehand or any painter-type programs. We can generally also use PDF, EPS, GIF, TIFF and PNG files. If you don't see your file type listed here, send it anyway, and we'll give it a whirl..

Art for screenprinting can be emailed to our art department.

  • Word processor files like Microsoft Word can be used as long as a JPEG or a hard copy of the design is sent as well.
  • We cannot use QuarkXpress files at all. Some desktop publisher files will work as long as a JPEG or a hard copy is sent along for us to compare it with.

Can you use this picture I got from a web page?

Images on web pages are made to download quickly, so they are usually small and very low resolution. Although we can create an imprint from such a picture, you probably wouldn't like the results. Larger, high res images would be preferrable, but if the web image is all you have, send it anyway, and we'll see what we can do.

What computer file resolution do you work with?

The preferred resolution is 150 to 300 pixels per inch at actual imprint size. If you are sending a Photoshop file, please send a version with the working layers. This is easier to work with than a flattened image.

Do you have an FTP Site? How can I send this huge computer file?

We do not have an FTP site. Files at 9MB or smaller can be emailed to our artists directly to our art department. Compressed files are fine. For files larger than 9MB, contact our art department.

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Four-Color Process (CMYK) and'Simulated'(Spot) Process

Four Color Process or 'CMYK'

Four color process is a term taken from normal offset printing on paper. It is a way to get full color pictures using only four different color inks: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black (the 'K' in CMYK). The different colors are achieved by printing four different halftone versions of the same picture in such a way that the halftone dots create an the illusion of a certian color - skin tones, for example. Any color picture you see printed in a magazine or on a billboard or anywhere else uses this method. The term, however, is actually a little misleading, since it assumes that the surface it will be printed on is white. The white of the paper is really the fifth color.

Simulated or 'Spot' Process

'Simulated Process' is similar to CMYK in that it uses various colored opaque inks printed with halftone dots to visually mix and create new colors. The main difference is that it doesn't use only cyan, magenta, yellow and black, but any number of spot colors to produce the image. Simulated Process was developed by screen printers to overcome the drawbacks of trying to print CMYK on fabric.

Which Is better for screen printing?

Simulated Process will give you the brightest colors and a more vibrant imprint, and can be printed on any color garment. Standard CMYK is set up to be printed only on white surfaces, so to print on colored garments, a white underbase would have to be added, as well as a highlight white. Now the 4 color process is actually six colors. Even then, the colors would not be as vibrant as Simulated Process, since the inks used are transparent. The colors would look washed out.

What is the dot gain for screenprinting?

'Dot gain' is the amount the halftone ink dot spreads during the printing process, which affects how much ink goes down in that area. Screenprinting has a whopping 35% to 38% dot gain. But there are many more factors involved with printing on garments. Designers and artist concerned about accurate color reproduction should send an acceptable full color representation of the design along with the working art file. Our experienced graphic artists and printers will do the rest.

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Graphics

A Bit About Computer files

PDF? EPS? TIFF? What does all that stuff mean?

This section is meant to help you understand a little better the difference between computer graphic files. Basically, there are 2 types of computer graphic files: the vector graphic and the bitmap graphic.

Bitmap Graphics

Bitmap graphic files compose the image by assigning a specific color to each individual pixel in the document. A pixel is like a little block of color, and the document is made up by aligning these pixels side-by-side in a grid pattern. The number of pixels in the document determines the image's resolution. The more pixels in a document, the more detail in the image, and the larger the file size. Some drawbacks to bitmap files are the much greater file sizes and the limits to size adjusting. a 1" by 1" image at 72 pixels per inch may look great on the website, but won't look good when enlarged to t-shirt size. Some common bitmap files are JPEG, TIFF, GIF, and any digital photograph format.

Vector Graphics

Vector graphics compose the image in a much different manner. Instead of coloring actual pixels, the image is comprised of a series of mathematical formulas which the graphic program draws directly onto the screen, and is re-drawn whenever you zoom in or out, or adust the image size. Vector images can be enlarged or shrunk to any size without the loss of any detail. This feature, and the smaller file sizes are the main advantages to vector files. Some common vector files are Illustrator, Corel Draw and Freehand.

Special file types

There are 2 common file types that are closely associated with computer graphic files and often get confused with them - EPS and PDF files.

EPS

EPS stands for Encapsulated Post-Script and is basically a computer language for printers. EPS files can be either vector graphics or bitmaps, or they may be neither. Since many printers use the EPS language, many more programs are capable of creating EPS files. Many graphic files can be saved as EPS, which makes it easier to open them in other graphic programs. Someone using Freehand should be able to save a file as an EPS and have someone who uses Illustrator be able to open it just fine. Vector files are being used as an example, but bitmap files can be saved in the EPS format as well.

PDF

PDF means Portable Document File. This file type is growing in popularity with the spread of Adobe's Acrobat Reader. PDF files are a way of sending a computer document for someone to be able to view, but not alter. They are more closely related to desktop publisher files since they can contain multiple pages. Adobe Illustrator now automatically saves it's files as PDF compatible, but other file types can be saved as PDF as well, including desktop publishers and web design programs.

Both EPS and PDF files are acceptable formats.

Some Common Graphic File Types
Suffix File Type Graphic type Info
.ai Adobe Illustrator vector
.cdr Corel Draw vector
.jpg JPEG bitmap Journalist's Photograph Exchange Group. Used mainly for displaying on web pages. Usually small and low resolution for quick downloads.
.tff TIFF bitmap
.gif CompuserveGIF bitmap Another file type used mainly for the internet. These files use index colors and can be animated.
.psd Adobe Photoshop bitmap
.eps Encapsulated Post Script vector, bitmap, or other
.pdf Portable Document Format vector, bitmap, or other

This is not a complete listing of graphic files and does not include any word processor or desktop publisher files. If you don't see your file type listed above, send it anyway and we'll see if we can work with it.

Still have questions? - Send your questions or comments to our customer service rep.

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